- Understand what performance-based design can help you do
- Understand how performance-based design will change your design process
Performance-based design is an iterative process in which you continually assess how your building is performing, what is driving that performance, and what you can do to influence it.
Case Studies: See what other Sefaira users have achieved by using the tool
Entertainment & Hotel
Sefaira was extremely valuable in early decision making. The Sefaira plugin in SketchUp allowed us to get a model built in a day, and look at options live with the client.Don Posson, PE, Vice PresidentSmithGroupJJR “S
Academic Office Building
Sefaira’s early sustainability analysis allowed us to prove we were meeting the 40% energy optimizations at conceptual design, well before we had the full blown energy model to verify the building’s performance.Ara Massey, Sustainable Design ManagerSLATERPAULL Architects
We work with our clients to demonstrate the effectiveness of every strategy we implement and this is where Sefaira has been such an asset in goal settingSean Quinn, Head of Sustainable Design10 Design
As architects we are responsible for the comfortable climate of the buildings we design. Instead of instantly using technical solutions that are common and within reach, we put effort into finding even better (and cheaper) solutions within architecture — it’s design. That’s how we believe sustainable buildings should be designed. Sefaira is based on trustworthy software that helps to measure our design decisions and helps to guide the design.Aldo Vos, Architect and DirectorBroekbakema
How Does Performance-Based Design Work?
Performance-Based Design is Not Energy Modeling
The traditional energy modeling paradigm is misaligned with the design process, and incapable of delivering on the promise of high performance. This is largely because energy modeling tools were not intended to be architectural design tools. They are useful for designing mechanical systems and performing validation analysis on fully detailed models — and for these uses, the energy modeling paradigm will continue to be a necessary part of the overall design process.
But the energy modeling paradigm is too far removed from the creative, iterative, real-time nature of design. If we want a tool that can meaningfully inform design — that can have significant impact on energy consumption, operating cost, and the capital costs of the HVAC systems; that is useful from Schematic/Conceptual Design through Construction Documents, when architects are actually making design decisions — then we need a new approach. This is a completely different way of thinking about performance — that we at Sefaira call Performance-Based Design.
How does Performance fit into the Architectural Process?
When Sefaira set out to solve this problem, we spent significant time talking with architects to understand their processes and workflows. We found that design moves incredibly quickly; that architects spend most of their time in their 3D modeling or BIM environment; and that their overhead of switching between applications is high.
In addition, we discovered that the performance-related questions architects ask during design are very different from the questions that energy modeling is instrumented to answer. Architects wanted to know:
- What’s important? What elements of the design should they focus on? Where are the biggest opportunities to have an impact on performance? Is it a tighter envelope, preventing solar gains, or providing good daylight?
- What are the constraints? Designers want to know the constraints and boundaries of the problem. If they know early on that south shading is critical, or that a 55% glazing ratio is ideal, or that a 50-to-60-foot floor plate provides a great balance of daylighting and energy performance, they can use these as meaningful constraints to inform the design.
- Is it possible to do X? Can the design be naturally ventilated? Could passive solar address most of the heating needs? Could we meet all energy needs from on-site renewables?
- How does my design compare? — to other design options, to typical buildings in my area, to an ASHRAE 90.1 baseline, to 2030 Challenge goals? When exploring the design space, comparisons are critical.
These are the questions that the new approach must answer
A New Approach: Feedback, Not Analysis
The alternative to energy modeling is a real-time, multiple-options-at-a-time, results-first paradigm in which seamless performance feedback informs design decisions throughout the design process. We call this approach PerformanceBased Design.
Performance-Based Design aims to be part of the design process. Feedback can’t depend on a finished design — instead, the feedback needs to be continuous, helping designers explore the design space, understand their options, and make informed decisions.
If energy modeling is a slow, one-design-at-a-time, input-heavy approach, Performance-Based Design is the opposite: a real-time, multiple-options, results-first paradigm. Each of these capabilities is critical for aligning performance feedback with the design process.
- Real-time. Sefaira provides immediate feedback on energy, daylight, and other metrics, with a strong preference to delivering these in the architect’s native design environment. We want feedback to be always available to the designer — a fundamental departure from the idea of “analysis” as a separate, after-the-fact activity
- Multiple options. Sefaira is built on the idea of exploration — of testing out different design ideas, whether through real-time analysis within the 3D modeling environment, via comparison of options or iterations, or by quickly investigating the impact of many different design strategies. Exploration is key for answering design-oriented questions like “What’s important in my design?” and “Which option is best?”
- Results-first. With only two inputs — space use and location — architects can start seeing feedback on design decisions. The feedback is designed to be actionable — helping designers understand how the building is operating and what they can do to improve. This allows designers to shape the design based upon results, rather than simply analyzing a design that’s already complete.
What’s revolutionary about this approach is that it makes achieving performance a creative endeavor — no different from meeting the constraints of program, context, and site that have inspired architects for generations. By making performance accessible, it opens up a new design space, and empowers architects to address performance as a standard part of the design process. This is the future of performance: a seamless, essential part of design.
WHAT YOU’VE LEARNED
- Other architects are already using PBD to inform their every day design decisions
- PBD and energy modeling are two very different things
- PBD is a creative process that will further enhance your designs